Iran has announced to move beyond the limit of enriched uranium that was set in the 2015 agreement. It is noteworthy that in the year 2015, there was a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action-JCPOA between Iran and P5 + 1 countries (US, Russia, China, UK, France + Germany). In this agreement, the limit of enriched uranium was fixed at 3.67 percent. Even before that 300 kg as prescribed in Iran JCPOA agreement. The uranium reserves have been violated, which has also been confirmed by the International Atomic Energy Agency-IAEA.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
- This international organization was established in the year 1957 keeping in mind the increasing use of nuclear power technology.
- It currently has 171 nation members and is headquartered in Vienna, the capital of Austria.
- Its main objective is to promote the use of nuclear energy for peace. It also opposes any military use of nuclear power, including nuclear weapons.
This approach of Iran has created a complex situation because Iran’s move is contrary to the American approach. The point to note here is that the US pulled out of the Iran nuclear deal in 2018, but other parties are still trying to preserve the deal. These include countries like the United States, Britain, France and Germany.
After being out of the agreement, the US gradually started increasing sanctions on Iran. It is probably a result of this that in recent times there has been intensification of tensions between Iran and America. Be aware that an American drone was shot down by Iran near the Hormuz Strait. After this, the US also allowed military action on Iran, although this decision was withdrawn by the US after some time.
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For some time now, there has been a strictness regarding the sanctions imposed by Iran on the US. While the US has imposed restrictions on companies doing business with Iran, countries that import oil from Iran have also imposed restrictions on them. Earlier, the US gave temporary permission to 8 countries (India, China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Turkey, Italy and Greece) to import oil from Iran. This exemption was ended in April this year. It is worth noting that all of the above are Iran’s largest oil importing countries. The US view in this context is that it was necessary to end this exemption in relation to oil imports because Iran receives foreign exchange mainly from the export of crude oil. It is clear that the US wants to force Iran to accept its demands through economic sanctions. Here it is necessary to know what are those demands for which the attitude of America has become so concerned:
- Iran should stop its nuclear program and uranium enrichment. It also includes the use of low levels of uranium, which was agreed to in the JCPOA.
- Iran supports Lebanese terrorist organization Hezbollah and Palestinian terrorist organization Hamas, which is based in Gaza. The United States has declared these organizations as terrorists. America wants Iran to stop giving all kinds of aid to these organizations.
- The US is currently embroiled in the case of Syria and Iraq and the US allies are fighting the Houthi rebels in Saudi Arabia and the UAE Yemen. The rebels of these countries are being assisted by Iran, which is hurting the situation of America and its allies. America demands that Iran stop supporting the rebels of these countries as well.
- The United States wants Iran to stop the development and testing of its ballistic missile program, which also includes nuclear-powered missiles.
Side of Iran
Iran is currently facing a crisis situation. Iran is intensifying its nuclear program by addressing the countries and the world involved in the agreement so that these countries can pressurize the US to change its decision regarding the nuclear deal. Also, the public sentiment of Iran is also in line with the nuclear program and the missile program. On the other hand, Iran is also struggling with its domestic conditions. The opposition and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in Iran are opposing the government. He believes that Iran signed a compromise in 2015, bypassing its nuclear interests so that Iran could be exempted from economic sanctions, improving the conditions of the people of Iran, but that did not happen. It also needs to be noted here that the agreement was agreed upon by Iran’s religion guru Ayatollah Khamenei, who played an important role in building consensus in the context of this agreement in Iran. Now Iran’s Supreme Religion Guru has also refused to return to the deal. In this situation, a situation of crisis has arisen before the current government of Iran.
Consequences of stress
If this tension turns into a military conflict, then this tension is most likely to affect West Asia. Experts believe that America’s thinking is to get its demands from Iran through limited military struggle, which is misleading. If the United States takes action against Iran, it is likely that Iran will also retaliate. It may be noted that a similar situation was seen during the Vietnam War. In this war, America acted on Vietnam thinking that the situation of Vietnam is not such that it can take retaliation. But it is seen in history that this struggle for America ended with a humiliating end. In this war, America had to suffer huge loss of public money. Similarly, if Iran also takes military action, it will target the territorial bases of American allies like Saudi Arabia, UAE and America. At the same time, he will also try to disrupt the Hormuz Strait. While the above situation may push the US towards the third major war in the region, it can also cause tension in Central Asia.
It is also worth noting that if tensions remain between Iran and America for a long time, it will also affect the world’s oil economy. This will increase the price of oil which can pose a crisis for developing countries like India. If this situation turns into a military conflict then the world economy may also get a setback. Because the world especially the developing country is most dependent on this sector for energy needs.
The US is simultaneously working on a dual policy. On the one hand, his stance on Iran is getting stricter, on the other hand he is expecting Iran to accept his other demands while staying on the former agreement. The situation of such duality is posing a challenge for Iran. On the one hand, Iran’s referendum is not agreed to return to the agreement, on the other hand the US is seeking to go beyond the JCPOA agreement. This situation is challenging the possibility of reducing tensions between the US and Iran. The deadlock is likely to persist until the people of Iran are forced to press the agreement on the government and the US is not soft on its demands.
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